Abrahamic Chronology

“This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;” (Gen. 5:1).   [5456 B.C. + 32 lunar days]

“In the six hundredth year of the life of Noe, in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, on this day all the fountains of the abyss were broken up, and the flood-gates of heaven were opened.” (Gen. 7:11 Septuagint).     [3200 B.C. Oct. 31st, 6:00 pm]

“And Noah builded an altar unto the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt-offerings on the altar.” (Gen. 8:20).     [3199 B.C. Dec. 31st, 6:00 pm; 365 days for 3199 B.C. + days in 3200 B.C. = 31 days Dec. + 30 days Nov. + 4 days in Oct. when Noah unloaded the animals = 430 day curse. This is evidence Noah changed to a solar calendar.]

“Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.” (Gen. 9:25). “Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.” (Gen. 11:9).     [Concurrent events. Circa 3185 B.C; Pre-dynastic Egypt started.]

“So Abram departed, as the Lord had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran (Mitanni).”     [2158 B.C.]

“Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven; And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.” (Gen. 19:24,25).     [Sometime between 2158 and 2133 B.C. when Isaac was born. (Collins and Scott’s DISCOVERING THE CITY OF SODOM)]

“For Sarah conceived and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.” (Gen. 25:7).     [2133 B.C.]

“And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padan-aram (Haran in Mitanni), the sister to Laban the Syrian.” (Gen. 25:20).     [2093 B.C.]

“And these are the days of the years of Abraham’s life which he lived, an hundred threescore and fifteen years. Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people.” (Gen. 25:7,8).     [2058 B.C.]

“And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them.” (Gen. 25:26).     [2033 B.C.]

“Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed…And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” (Gen. 32:28,30).

[2014 B.C.]

This begins the Abrahamic Covenant of Gen. 15. The Passover was a Monday night Oct. 4th, 1584 B.C, event. – Peniel was the night of Oct. 4th, 2014 B.C. Joseph was born that year (Gen. 30:25) as he was thirty years old when he began serving Pharaoh (Gen. 41:46), which started the four hundred years servitude of Abraham’s “deep sleep” (Gen. 15:13). Not accounted for are the sojourning of thirty years. Joseph was in Egypt thirteen years before the servitude began (Gen. 37:2), leaving seventeen years unaccounted. Was Abraham in Egypt seventeen years (Gen. 12:10-20)?

“And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the first born of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the first born of cattle. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both you and the children of Israel; and go, serve the Lord as you have said. Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also (ha, ha). (Exodus 12:29-32). “Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.” (Exodus 12:40,41).     [Passover Oct. 4th, 1584 B.C. 12:00 midnight; Exodus Oct. 5th, 1584 B.C.; there are two described periods in Egypt 1.) Slavery, 400 years. 2.) Sojourning, 430 years. The October events are April dates in modern times.]

“Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.” (Ex. 17:8 – Moller’s THE EXODUS CASE). Amalek (Hyksos) attacked, then proceeded to Egypt.     [Two months after Exodus – 1584 B.C.]

“And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.” (Deut. 34:7). “And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho.” (Joshua 4:19). “For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness…” (Joshua 5:6).     [1544 B.C.]

“Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,” (1 Samuel 13:1). “Thus saith the Lord of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how they laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare not;” (1 Samuel 15: 2,3). “Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;” (2 Samuel 1:1).     [Circa 1150 B.C. (Saul drives Amalek out of Avaris, Egypt before David was anointed) – Amalikites (Hyksos, Amu) in Egypt approximately 434 years; slaughtered by Saul in his (2nd or 20th?) year, and what length of reign; Septuagint doesn’t include King James, 1 Samuel 13:1. (Velikovsky’s AGES IN CHAOS); 1 Samuel 7:2, 2 Samuel 6:4; Rowley’s FROM JOSEPH TO JOSHUA; To understand these statements it must be assumed the Amalekites had an outpost in southern Palestine not attacked by Saul, but destroyed by David.]

“So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.”     [1148 B.C. – 1108 B.C.; David had previously been anointed before Saul’s death.]

“And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord.” (1 Kings 6:1).     [1104 B.C.]

“And when the queen of Sheba (Hatshepsut) heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the Lord….she came to Jerusalem with a very great train,”     [Sometime between 1104 B.C. and 1068 B. C. (Velikovsky’s AGES IN CHAOS)]

“And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.” (1 Kings 11:42).     [1108 – 1068 B.C.]

Rehoboam (King of Judah – Solomon’s Son).     [1068 B.C. – 1051 B.C.]

Jeroboam (King of Israel – returned from Egypt).     [1068 B.C. – 1046 B.C.]

Shishak (Thothmes III, King of Egypt).     [1063 B.C. pummeled Jerusalem; picture of his treasures on wall in Karnak in Velikovsky’s AGES IN CHAOS, Plate 5]

Abijam (King of Judah).     [1050 B.C.; 18th year of Jeroboam]

Asa (King of Judah).     [1048 B.C.; 20th year of Jeroboam; pummeled Amenhotep ɪɪ and his Egyptian “thousand thousands”, 2 Chr. 14:9-12)]

Nadab (King of Israel).     [1046 B.C.; 2nd year of Asa]

Baasha (King of Israel).     [1045 B.C.; 3rd year of Asa]

Elah (King of Israel).     [1022 B.C.; 26th year of Asa]

Zimri (King of Israel).     [1021 B.C.; 27th year of Asa]

Omri (King of Israel).     [1017 B.C.; 31st year of Asa; built city of Samaria]

Ahab (King of Israel).     [1010 B.C.; 38th year of Asa; Tell Amarna letters supposedly written in this decade till 10th century B.C. to Amenhotpe III and  Ahkenaten]

 

Age of the Pyramids *

Pharaonic Dates from Alan Gardiner’s
EGYPT OF THE PHARAOHS
pp. 433-434

Age of the Pyramids

These dates are chronologically accurate Biblically. But, the Pharaoh of the Exodus (supposedly Ahkenaten) should then have been Pharaoh 574 years earlier and been drowned in the Gulf of Aqaba!

This chronology doesn’t include the discrepancies of dead reckoning apparent in scripture. The “benchmark” dates of Solomon, Hezekiah and Daniel are used to finish computations to the Messiah.

“And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem, to keep the passover unto the Lord God of Israel.” (2 Chron. 30:1).     [800 B.C.; Passover was a multiple of the Sabbatical cycle of 49 years. 16 of these 49 year cycles = 784 years subtracted from the Exodus 1584 B.C. = 800 B.C. Passover. (Showalter’s NEW CHRONOLOGICAL HARMONY OF HISTORY AND THE BIBLE computes 745 years from entrance to Canaan till Hezekiah’s days.]

“After these things, and the establishment thereof, Sennacherib king of Assyria came and entered into Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win them for himself….(but he himself laid siege against Lachish, and all his power with him)….And the Lord sent an angel which cut off the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land.” (2 Chron. 32:1,9,21).     [799 B.C.]

 

In Adrian Curtis’s UGARIT RAS SHAMRA, the case is made for a common link between their gods and Israel’s God. The links are obvious, the concurrency isn’t. The great hatred expressed by Israel’s prophets against Baal is a recurring Old Testament theme. Did Ugarit exist as a society before the Exodus or was it a later development; were they even Canaanites? The combining of Yahweh and El is discordant with Ugarit’s social interaction with their neighbor; which tribe of Israel matters (“scepter” – Judah, or “shepherd” – Joseph); “There are, of course, aspects of El which are not paralleled in respect of Yahweh.” (p. 117). According to this book, Israel’s monotheistic religion was a later extension of Canaanite polytheism. This argument is not supportable historically! In Egypt the “ennead” and “ogdoad” came from Ra and Thoth. The “cloud” is mythical in Ugarit (p. 114), but metaphoric in Israel (Exodus 16:10). Curtis does not develop the “cloud” benchmark dates of Israel (Exodus 1584 B.C.), even though he acknowledges “the stress on history being a peculiarly Hebrew development.” (p. 119). It appears the hatred expressed by Israel’s prophets against Baal was based on Baal’s superimposed characteristics of an earlier Yahweh. These thoughts are at the pinnacle of chronological aspects of the Ugarit tablets in Akhetaten.  

Daniel’s Prophecies

Biblically, we arrive at the times of Daniel numerical:

  1. From the A.D. 33 rotation, working backwards using the 33-year life of Christ and the 49-year Sabbatical, a year is determined for the Exodus. This is based on Jesus Chris fulfilling the sin offering. 33 * 49 = 1617 years subtracted from A.D. 33 equals 1584 B.C. as the year of Exodus. 33 years are the rotation of tropical years around the ellipse. Both rotations, 33 years and 49 years converge on 1584 B.C., providing a triangulation. The larger 231-year rotation provides the seven days of the week.
  2. From the Exodus to Solomon’s 4th year when he began to build the original temple was 480 years. 1584 B.C. – 480 years = 1104 B.C. (1Kings 6:1).
  3. Ezekiel prophesied against Judah and Israel representing 430 years (Ezekiel 4: 3-6). 1104 B.C. – 430 years = 674 B.C. (Nebuchadnezzar conquered Jerusalem).
  4. Jeremiah prophesied 70 years captivity in Babylon (Jeremiah 25:11). 674 B.C. – 70 = 604 B.C.
  5. Daniel’s “seventy weeks” are based on “the going forth of the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem” (Daniel 9:25).
  6. 604 B.C. is Cyrus the Persians 1st year, but he only authorized the re-building of the temple (2 Chron. 36:22,23; Ezra 1:1-4).
  7. Zerabbabel and Jeshua returned to Jerusalem and began to build the temple (Ezra 5:2).
  8. Traditionally, Ezra was the second wave to go to Jerusalem 78 years later (Ezra 8:31). 604 B.C. – 78 years = 526 B.C.
  9. 14 years later Nehemiah left to build the walls and infrastructure of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 1,2). 526 B.C. – 14 = 512 B.C.
  10. Daniel prophesied 70 weeks (70 * 7 = 490 years). 512 B.C. – 490 years = 22 B.C. which identifies the prophecy of Daniel 9:27 “midst”. From Julius Caesar’s 44 B.C. “perpetual dictatorship” half or midst is 22 B.C. when Caesar Augustus assumed the position of full dictator of Rome.
  11. Daniel’s prophecies of 1290 days, 1335 days and 2300 days identify the birth of Jesus Christ as Tuesday, March 26th, 1 B.C. Ephemeris calendar.

 

*Age of the Pyramids
Reconstructed Egyptian History

Christian society has suffered a loss of Biblical authority in the last hundred years and is simply oblivious to the reality and reasons. The discussions between archeology, Egyptology and theology over the Exodus and Joshua have resulted in a new attitude scientifically. According to these eminent scholars the Biblical record can’t be trusted; it’s reverse Gnosticism. But they do have a point, trusting God and believing the human record aren’t the same thing in spite of all the priestly efforts to clothe themselves with divine authority. “And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after…For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.” (Heb. 3:5,16). I have no intention of provoking!

A theory of the date of the Exodus will have to go back at least fifty (50) years to enter the discussion again. Suppling a theory that might stabilize the Biblical ideology seems a thankless job that will go unnoticed. Hundreds, maybe thousands of books have already been written about the Hebrews history from Abram clear up to today. They provoke in one fashion or another. Consider that there wouldn’t have been enough Egyptians in c. 2600 B.C. to have revolving 100,000 man crews to build the Great Pyramid if you start with 2 people in 3200 B.C. The prevailing faithful thoughts of Christians go unexpressed, commonly drowned out by Egyptologists. The provoking objects are the El Amarna tablets.

A

Purportedly, (yes, purportedly), Ahkenaten (various spellings) was the Pharaoh of the final oppression who challenged Moses’ authority and lied continuously about letting the Israelites go. Tutankhamun (again various spellings) was sitting on the throne (probably Thebes), as a first born son of some unknown person when struck dead by the angel of the Lord on the night of Passover. When Ahkenaten came to his senses, he chased Moses and the escaping Israelites into the Sinai Peninsula and crowded them into the Nuweiba Peninsula on the Gulf of Aqaba. When the waters opened up, he unwisely followed the Israelites to his demise as well as the entire army, chariots and priests of Egypt. It’s really unclear in the Bible if the Pharaoh died, but it’s stated that not one person ever returned.

The immediate necessity of the chase was instigated by the Priests of Thebes who were again, finally, getting respect from King Tut after 17 years of heretical behavior from Ahkenaten. They conscripted Ahkenaten into chasing Moses to recapture the stolen BenBen that Moses took from Heliopolis as he left Egypt. You know, that thing that all Egypt worshiped as their solar idol (Ben ͡   Ben ͡   )that the rest of the world recognizes as the Ten Commandments – a replica that sits in your local park that you don’t even need to read because you know what it is by its shape? God still getting “renown” against Egypt (Dan. 9:15).

Ahmed Fakhry’s THE PYRAMIDS, p. 67 Paul Johnson’s THE CIVILIZATION OF ANCIENT EGYPT, P. 20

Ahmed Fakhry’s THE PYRAMIDS, p. 67  The Meydum Pyramid

Paul Johnson’s THE CIVILIZATION OF ANCIENT EGYPT, P. 20

Paul Johnson’s THE CIVILIZATION OF ANCIENT EGYPT, P. 20

Purportedly again, the BenBen was originally just the Ben Stone which became the BenBen after the unifying of the two lands; Upper and Lower Egypt. You can see the Ben Stone representation in the Book of the Dead scene of the Ceremony of the Opening of the Mouth. Today we make use of the original Ben Stone as a grave stone at burials. In Bauval and Gilbert’s THE ORION MYSTERY, p. 203 the theory is advanced that the original Ben Stone was hewn out of an oriented meteorite causing the rounded top. Moses destroyed the original BenBen after it became the Ten Commandments. He fractured this ancient relic against “Aaron’s golden calf”. This most valuable artifact is apparently laying broken in the rubble below Jabal Al Lawz (Mount Sinai), Moller’s THE EXODUS CASE.

B

There is a great discrepancy in Genesis about who was the anointed of God amongst the Children of Israel. Was it the “shepherd, the stone of Israel” (Gen. 49:24), or the “Scepter, the lawgiver” (Gen. 49:10)? We see the very same argument between Joshua and David over the Book of Jasher; a book we don’t have. Joshua claims his fraudulent sun and moon story are written down in a book called Jasher (Joshua 10:13); Steven the Martyr called it phony baloney (Hebrews 4:8). David said a record of war, “use of the bow” was the apparent theme of the Book of Jasher. These two leaders of historical importance represent those separate blessings of Jacob.

Apparently, things reached a crescendo when Moses died and was buried by God “in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Beth-peor” (Duet. 34:6). This story then turns into Biblical and archeological criticism of extreme nature. We really need to find a copy of the original Book of Jasher! Purportedly (again), a leader of the tribe of Judah (with Simeon and Levi) said enough is enough, we’re separating and going back to Kadesh-barnea. This was just prior to Joshua crossing the Jordan River east of Jericho. This story is at the root of all speculation surrounding the Exodus and entrance into the land of Canaan. We wouldn’t know anything about this story without archeology.

According to cuneiform tablets at El Amarna, there were two groups of people described as invading Palestine. One group identified by the ideogram Sa-Gaz, the other group as Habiru (Rowley’s FROM JOSEPH TO JOSHUA, p. 38). There has been enough written about the two groups that nothing else need be said except to identify them; Habiru as the Tribe of Judah threatening Jerusalem from the south and Joshua (Sa-Gaz) entering from the east to destroy Jericho (J.W. Jack’s THE DATE OF THE EXODUS IN THE LIGHT OF EXTERNAL EVIDENCE). This separation is apparent in both stories.

Abdi-Hiba (governor of Jerusalem) was reporting to the Pharaoh these Habiru (invaders) from the south (Seir) were attacking Palestine. Clearly, Abdi-Hiba wasn’t an Israelite, meaning the Israelites weren’t yet in the land. The cuneiform tablet he sent to the Pharaoh was stashed in an archive room in El Amarna. These two facts reported by prominent Egyptologists present a credible chronology of events. If Habiru are the tribe of Judah after the Exodus and forty years wandering, what is the cuneiform clay tablet doing in El Amarna? Amenhotep III was dead by a minimum of seventy-six (76) years. Ahkenaten and King Tut were both dead by forty (40) years and the city Ahkataten was abandoned. Not only that tablet, but over three (300) hundred tablets and dispatches were found (Budge’s TUTANKHAMEN, p. 109). Consider also the Bible indicates Ramesses II (“a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph”) preceded the Amenhoteps (“sigh”) and forced slave labor for “Pithom and Raamses” (Ex 1:8,11). When Ramesses II (1705 B. C. – 1638 B.C.?) died (Ex. 2:23), Moses was sent to the new Pharaoh (Ex. 2:10). [I’m using concurrent reigns for Ahkenaten and King Tut, and J.W. Jacks life span for Ramesses II].

C

You might have surmised that all Egyptologists date the Exodus based in part on these tablets being in El Amarna. They haven’t realized they were duped; cults are nothing but bastions of deception. There’s a very substantial argument in Stiebing Jr’s OUT OF THE DESERT? p. 122, where some confused chronologists attempt to make Ahab a contemporary of Abdi-Hiba. “Tutankhamen next says that if an envoy were sent to Tchah to broaden the frontiers of Egypt, his mission did not prosper; in other words, the collectors of tribute returned empty-handed because the tribes would not pay it.” (Budge’s TUTANKHAMEN, p. 5).

Here’s the theory. Thebes (capital of Egypt), was decimated by both Amenhoteps (III and IV). For more than 20 years their collections (tributes) and temples were neglected. When the Exodus occurred and the Hyksos entered Egypt the priest’s opportunity arrived. The Hyksos stayed mostly in the delta region; Thebes was probably left alone because it was a slum by that time. The priests knew no communication was happening between the Hyksos (Amalekites, Velikovsky theory) and anyone in Palestine, ever. No one knew what happened to the Pharaoh and army except perhaps the Hyksos, therefore the priests of Thebes spread the story in Palestine if they wanted protection all governors must resume tribute to them. The Theban priests had to hide the cuneiform tablets, what better place than the deserted Ahkataten? They most likely theorized that if caught (since the tablets were addressed to dead Pharaohs) they wouldn’t be implicated (devious). Horemheb was obviously in on the scam.

D

Reconstructed Egyptian history becomes the placement of pyramid builders in their proper order within a 400-year span. Chronology is based on Hebrew benchmark dates and the availability of Egyptian population. From Imhotep until Ramesses II would be 279 years. Imhotep only had seven (7) years to complete the Step Pyramid and granaries even if he wasn’t Joseph! If you squeeze the 40 or so pyramids into the 400-year period (1984 B.C. till the 1584 B.C. Exodus) it’s an average of 10 years per pyramid. King Sneferu is credited with building two of the largest pyramids and finishing the pyramid of Meydum while ruling only 24 years according to Gardiner. The only theoretical problem is ranking and identifying legitimate Pharaohs. All arguments pro or con about Hebrews are equally applicable to Egyptians.

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